The Raspberry Pi runs on the micro-SD card as its hard drive. I prefer to use a class 10 cards with a minimum of 16 Gigabytes, although slower credit cards with less than 8GB will suffice (4GB minimal for Raspbian Lite). The first step in establishing a Raspberry Pi is to burn off the operating-system drive image to the Sdcard.
Below I’ll outline how to do this simple procedure using either Windows or Linux. First you need to download the operating-system. This tutorial utilizes Raspbian, a Debian-based flavor of Linux created for the Raspberry Pi specifically, but the same steps may be used to install any operating system that will work with the Pi’s hardware. Select “Raspbian with Desktop” if you are looking for a graphical user interface (GUI) somewhat just like Windows. If you’re new to Linux or have no idea the thing you need I quickly suggest you start with the desktop version.
If you are comfortable using the Linux control line, you may find you merely need a Linux terminal for most projects, then you may use the “Raspbian Lite” disk image. Next you shall need to verify your downloaded disk image using the SHA-256 checksum. This will make sure that your download is free from errors, and that nobody has tampered with the file.
Don’t worry, this is an instant and easy process. Unless you already have checksum software installed on your computer, I recommend Raymond Lin’s MD5 & SHA-1 Checksum Utility. The freeware version is adequate completely. Simply run the executable, and browse to your newly downloaded Raspbian image with it’s .zip expansion (that ought to be in your Downloads folder if you haven’t transferred it). Uncheck the boxes next to all the hash functions except SHA-256, and click “Verify”.
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- Now, click the IMEI CHECK menu
Verify that the hash produced by the checksum tool fits the SHA-256 checksum provided on the Raspbian Download Page. In case your hashes match, your download is good. Unzipping is an easy task in Windows. Just open up your Downloads folder and find your newly downloaded Raspbian document with the .zip expansion. This will create a fresh folder inside the folder that will contain the extracted disk image, that will will have a .img file extension. The last step is to create the .img disk image to the SD card. If you don’t have software to get this done already installed on you computer, I recommend using Win32 Disk Imager. Now insert your micro Sdcard into your computer.
If you do not have a slot machine in your personal computer you will need a USB adapter. When you place the cards in your personal computer, take careful notice of what notice gets designated to your micro-SD cards. Install and run Win32 Disk Imager, and select your Raspbian Image document in your Downloads folder.
Now make sure the drive chosen under “Device” matches the drive notice assigned to your micro-SD cards. If you select the wrong drive notice you could lose all of the data on any device mounted on your personal computer. Don’t unintentionally overwrite your external hard-drive! If you are absolutely sure your have selected the correct device, press the “Write” button.