The largest organ of the human body is the skin. The largest organ of the human body is your skin. It protects our anatomies from the environment, maintains body’s temperature, excretes waste material, provides sensory information to the brain, and regulates body dampness. Our society is preoccupied with the “culture of beauty” (Lappe, 1996) which includes the notion our skin should always look young and appearance free from blemish.
Our psychological well-being is often closely enmeshed with perceptions of how the skin we have appears to ourselves and more. In the pet kingdom, most male species are endowed with colorful physical characteristics so a less colorful, but camouflaged feminine partner will be attracted to it wisely. Humans do not have equivalent ornamentation, so women use cosmetics, make-up specifically, to decorate their faces to attract prospective mates. A cosmetic is any product which, when applied, results in a short-term, superficial change (Anctzak, 2001). We use a myriad of cosmetics on the skin, we have, from moisturizers to lipstick.
Make-up alters our visual appearance by improving our facial features through the creative application of color. It could beautify the real face and become used expressing our sense of self to others. Make-up can hide blemishes, scars, under-eye circles, or out our skin tone even. It could boost self-esteem, make us feel more appealing and increase our social acceptability in some social situations.
Using make-up can contribute to a well-groomed image, which influences our confidence favorably, self-esteem, morale and health. Skin care cosmetics treat the top layer of the skin by providing better protection against the environment than skin left untreated. Creams treat the skin’s surface by imparting wetness to the skin cells on the outermost coating of your skin. In addition, it forms a slim hurdle which traps moisture underneath, thereby preventing the evaporation of water from the skin’s surface.
Creams also speed up the hydration of pores and skin cells on the external layer, giving the skin a briefly soft, plump appearance. Exfoliants improve the appearance of your skin by sloughing away flaky skin, blackheads, and some dead skin cells. Astringents improve skin tone and texture by swelling the pore walls so dirt and debris do not gather within. Soaps loosen particles of dirt and grime by dissolving the greasy residue left on your skin from natural skin oils, creams, and make-up. The skin is an extremely complex, dynamic tissue system.
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The skin surface is also home to an incredible number of healthy micro-organisms which increase our immunity to pathogenic, or disease-causing bacteria. Thus, our desire to sterilize your skin destroys beneficial bacteria also, such as streptococcus mutans, and micrococcus luteus. Toners, for example, are advantageous in keeping bacterial populations down, thus reducing acne flare-ups caused by microbes which invade and proliferate in the pores.
Overuse of anti-microbial real estate agents can produce dangerous results when way too many beneficial bacteria are ruined, allowing pathogenic bacteria to multiply unchecked on your skin. Your skin produces antimicrobial proteins, two of which are called cathelicidins and defensins, which increase when the skin is damaged. Perspiration, necessary for the maintenance of internal body’s temperature, also excretes a germicidal proteins called dermicidin to fight bacteria producing body odor. Deodorants also help out with down keeping the bacterial population, thus decreasing the odors produced as they feed on the waste matter excreted by the perspiration glands.
Most of the research is conducted on other body sites and/or using controlled program (occlusive patch) protocols, than in actual clinical use rather. Crossref | PubMed | Google ScholarSee all References Therefore, the overall formula irritancy potential is very hard to determine from product ingredient listing alone. The consequences of individual hands hygiene products within the set have been analyzed.
Abstract | Full Text PDF | PubMed | Scopus (28) | Google ScholarSee all References Another report likened the cleaning liquid soap to an alcohol hand rinse among nurses for 8 days.28x28Winnefeld, M., Richard, M.A., Drancourt, M., and Grob, J.J. Epidermis efficiency, and tolerance of two-hand decontamination procedures in everyday medical center use.
25) of nurses for 4 weeks.40x40Larson, E.L., Aiello, A.E., Bastyr, J., Lyle, C., Stahl, J., Cronquist, A. et al. Assessment of two hand hygiene regimens for rigorous care unit employees. Crossref | PubMed | Scopus (129) | Google ScholarSee all References Both groups were given skin cream for use after hand cleansing with either the cleaning product or the waterless alcoholic beverages rub. The alcohol-rub treatment resulted in better condition of the skin than the cleaning product significantly.